Genetics and the athletic performance
Nowadays, everyone is interested in practicing fitness activities or in attending sports competitions, whether for physical appearance, health or motivational reasons. However, lack of progress, injuries or unattained fitness goals are still recurrent issues that eventually lead to dropping out.
Recent scientific studies reinforce the importance of integrating genetic information with each individual’s physical aptitude, injury predisposition and recovery capacity to establish a more:
- Efficient training programme
- Sustainable and healthy muscle building and toning
- Personalised fitness modalities suggestions
MyFitnessGenes® is an actionable genetic test that informs about how each individual’s unique genetic profile impacts the definition of a more personalised training programme in order to achieve an optimised athletic performance.
- Supports the definition of a personalised training programme, avoiding non-tailored training.
- Takes advantage of the individual genetic potential to help reach fitness goals and obtain long-lasting results.
- Provides information about the most appropriate activities, training intensity and regime.
- Informs about protective measures for improved recovery and for injury risk prevention.
- Simplifies genetic information to be applied by professionals without being genetic experts.
- Accurately analyses 33 genes (43 genetic variants) in 8 key areas to determine how the body responds to athletic potential.
- Provides information about the relevance of each genetic variant related to athletic performance.
MyFitnessGenes® makes use of the most recent and rigorous scientific studies, allowing personal trainers to have unique insights of each person’s athletic capacity. These genes are specifically associated with athletic performance for power, endurance or power-endurance mixed activities, VO2 max, injury, recovery, energy refuel and muscle building.
ACE, ACSL1, ACTN3, ACVR1B, ADRB2, AGT, AGTR2, AKT1, AMPD1, BDKRB2, CCL2, CCR2, COL1A1, COL5A1, EDN1, FADS1, FTO, HIF1a, IGF1, IL15RA, IL6, IL6R, MCT1, NOS3, NRF1, PPARA, PPARGC1A, SLC30A8, SOD2, TNF, UCP2, UCP3, VEGFA
MyFitnessGenes® is based on the most relevant and statistically significant genotype-phenotype studies. The gene panel was selected according to each gene’s biological relevance towards traits of interest (e.g., power ability, aerobic capacity) and their variants influence on the overall function of the gene.
Genetic analysis is performed at HeartGenetics’ lab, using a genotyping technology with 99% accuracy.
- The Association of Sport Performance with ACE and ACTN3 Genetic Polymorphisms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Ma F, Yang Y, Li X, Zhou F, Gao C, et al. (2013) PLoS ONE 8(1): e54685
- The genetics of sports injuries and athletic performance. Maffulli, N., Margiotti, K., Longo, U. G., Loppini, M., Fazio, V. M., & Denaro, V. (2013)..Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal, 3(3), 173–189.
- The COL5A1 genotype is associated with range of motion. Lim, S.-T., Kim, C.-S., Kim, W.-N., & Min, S.-K. (2015)..Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry, 19(2), 49–53
- A Common Polymorphism of the MCT1 Gene and Athletic Performance. Fedotovskaya, O. N., Mustafina, L. J., Popov, D. V., Vinogradova, O. L., & Ahmetov, I. I. (2014).. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9(1), 173–180
- AMPD1 rs17602729 is associated with physical performance of sprint and power in elite Lithuanian athletes. Ginevi?ien?, V., Jakaitien?, A., Pranculis, A., Milašius, K., Tubelis, L., & Utkus, A. (2014). . BMC Genetics, 15, 58
- A genetic-based algorithm for personalized resistance training. Jones N, Kiely J, Suraci B et al. Bio Sport. 2016;33(2):117–126